AsU 2014-11 also amends accounting guidelines for pension financing transactions. Under these agreements, the first step is a typical repo in which securities are transferred for cash. Then, in the second stage, the purchaser returns the asset as collateral for cash payment to the assignor and agrees to repurchase the guarantee for a certain amount of cash at a given time. These agreements result in off-balance sheet financing. Under previous rules, the part of the agreement was considered a sale; It is now likely that such agreements will result in a secured loan that takes into account most repurchase transactions. The new direction was surprisingly supported by financial institutions. Chart 3 summarizes responses received from the FASB from two requests for advice. The first exposure project for the purpose of effective control of pension operations (November 2010) is expected to change the criteria for the introduction of effective control. It resulted in comments containing proposals that were then included in the final standard (“FASB proposes new accounting guidelines for rest,” KPMG Defining Issues, January 2013, No. 13-6).
In particular, the massive support for the proposal in 2010 should be highlighted. The eight responses of the public audit firm can be qualified either in favour of the proposal or in favour of the proposal. Out of a total of 19 responses, 16 can be labelled as preferred or qualified for the proposal. However, the second exhibition project, Effective Control for Transfers with Forward Agreements to Healthcare Assets and Accounting for Repurchase Financings (January 2013), received more mixed support. Going back to the examples above, we find in the first contract that the purchase price is lower than the original selling price. In 2014, the FASB issued amended accounting rules and returns for certain types of repurchase transactions (repo). According to the new guide, certain pension transactions, previously recorded as sales, must now be accounted for in the form of secured bonds. The new rules also require increased publicity. As a result, companies may be required to reduce or eliminate the use of deposits as a means of off-balance sheet financing.
While stricter accounting rules are designed to prevent “repo runs” like those that lead to the failure of Lehman Brothers, less use of the pension market could lead to increased volatility in short-term interest rates. Retirement markets offer easy-to-access financing to institutions such as security guards and hedge funds. They also allow institutional investors, such as pension funds and municipalities, to earn a return on excess liquidity. Both their size of several trillion dollars and their role in providing liquidity demonstrate the importance of pension markets. On the other hand, if the repurchase price is higher than the original selling price, the entity must take this transaction into account as a financing agreement. When an entity. B signs a contract to sell an asset to a third party and has the option of repurchased the asset at a value below the original selling price, the entity must recognize this transaction from the lessor`s point of view, in accordance with IFRS 16.